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London has been placed on “medium risk” as the Government’s three-tier lockdown system comes into force across the country.

Different local alert levels – either “medium”, “high” and “very high” – have been implemented across England today, depending on infection rates.

The medium level maintains current national restrictions, while high-risk areas will see households banned from mixing indoors. Tier 3 will see harsher restrictions including the closure of pubs, unless they can operate as a restaurant.

The Liverpool area is currently the only area to be under the toughest rules, with pubs and bars, which are not serving meals, closing. Revellers gathered in the city’s streets last night ahead of the strict new measures coming into force on Wednesday morning.

Meanwhile, London has been place in Tier 1 – the lowest tier, deemed as “medium risk”.

Revellers out on the streets of Liverpool on Tuesday night (REUTERS)

This means the same rules already apply to Londoners will remain in place as previously – 10pm curfews on hospitality venues and social gatherings restricted to six people.

However, London mayor Sadiq Khan’s office has warned the capital could move to further restrictions as soon as this week due to a “rapidly increasing” number of cases.

Most of the country is in this lowest tier but millions in northern England and the Midlands are now facing extra curbs with different households banned from mixing indoors.

It comes amid warning that further restrictions could be imposed on top tier regions.

The new three-tier system comes into force

Tier 1 – Medium:

  • 10pm curfew for bars, pubs and restaurants
  • Gatherings of more than six people banned, apart from some settings such as funerals and wedding

Tier 2 – High:

  • Mixing of households indoors not allowed
  • Two households can meet in a private garden – rule of six and social distancing rules apply
  • Pubs and restaurants remain open, but no mixing of households inside and 10pm curfew

Tier 3 – Very high:

  • No mixing of households indoors and outdoors, including in private gardens
  • Pubs and bars to close
  • Restaurants, and pubs that can operate as restaurants, allowed to stay open
  • Local politicians will decide if gyms, betting shops, casinos, hairdressers and beauty salons should close
  • Non-essential shops, schools and universities to remain open
  • Avoid non-essential travel
  • Travel outside area advised against

Health officials are due to meet later to discuss the possibility of Greater Manchester, Lancashire and some other areas joining the top tier.

The Scottish government is to implement its own three-tier framework of restrictions later in October.

A television shows Britain’s Prime Minister Boris Johnson speaking from 10 Downing Street in London, as customers sit at the bar inside the William Gladstone pub in Liverpool, north west England on October 12, 2020 (AFP via Getty Images)

First Minister Nicola Sturgeon said England’s tiered system would “give an idea” of a similar scheme she is developing, which could come into effect when stricter measures are due to be eased on October 25.

In Northern Ireland, the Stormont executive is understood to be considering a four-week lockdown that is not as widespread as that imposed in March with a statement due later today.

And Welsh First Minister Mark Drakeford told Times Radio he too was considering a “short, sharp intervention” – but that there remained “some very practical things that we’ve all got to think about”.

London has been put on medium risk (Getty Images)

It comes as the Prime Minister is facing calls to go further by introducing a “circuit breaker” – a fortnight of nationwide curbs.

Downing Street is understood to be keeping the idea on the table, after Labour leader Sir Keir Starmer said a two to three-week national lockdown over the October half term was needed to prevent a “sleepwalk into a long and bleak winter”.

A paper by members of the Scientific Advisory Group for Emergencies (Sage) reportedly calculates that more than 7,000 lives could be saved if schools are closed and people are ordered to stay at home from October 24 for two weeks.

Revellers on a night out in Liverpool ahead of the new restrictions (Getty Images)

The Times said the modelling suggested that coronavirus deaths for the rest of the year could be reduced from 19,900 to 12,100, with hospital admissions cut from 132,400 to 66,500.

If schools and shops remained open, the death toll could be cut to 15,600, it reported.

The paper, due to be published on Wednesday, is authored by Professor Graham Medley and other members of the Government’s Scientific Pandemic Influenza Group on Modelling – known as SPI-M.

They are said to note that there are “no good epidemiological reasons to delay the break”.

It emerged on Monday that the Prime Minister dismissed a recommendation for a “circuit-breaker” from Sage three weeks ago, opting instead for the less drastic three-tier local alert levels.

In other developments:

  • The UK recorded the highest daily death figure in four months , with a further 143 people dying within 28 days of testing positive for Covid-19 as of Tuesday.
  • Mr Johnson suffered a major Tory backbench rebellion over the 10pm hospitality curfew, amid a growing backlash against Government coronavirus restrictions.
  • Tory MP Chris Green, who represents Bolton West, resigned as a ministerial aide over local restrictions, saying the “attempted cure is worse than the disease”.
  • London mayor Sadiq Khan said that it is inevitable the capital will pass a “trigger point” to enter the higher Tier 2 coronavirus restrictions in the “next few days”.

Sir Keir is likely to press the point when he questions Mr Johnson at PMQs in the Commons at noon.